The tendency of the human mind for «Gestalt– completion» is well known:
When apatternof incomplete (but largely consistent) information is perceived, the mind tends to «complete the Gestalt (pattern)».
Unfortunately, partly complete but partially inconsistent or contradictory information can also form «Gestalts« (wholes) in perception.
This pattern-completion is a fundamental (usually positive) function of the human mind and the brain; an integral part of intelligence and perception.
Patterns of information that are incomplete or contain inconsistenciesdo not please the mind.
Gestalts and Gestalt-completion offer a considerable (and mysterious) sense of inner satisfaction, to the human psyche.
The defensiveness of the human mind against the serious discomfort caused by OSTENSIBLY complete but partially INCONSISTENT or CONTRADICTORY information is a natural side-effect of theGESTALT pattern-completion phenomenon.
One might not be aware of this process, but it goes on and on, most of the time,preventing the mind from experiencing an (often intense) psychic discomfort, sometimes described in psychology as «Cognitive Dissonance«.
My personal impression (or working hypothesis) is that most phenomena of (what we call) «intellectual dishonesty» are simply the result of defensiveness against Cognitive Dissonance; which is also related to a fundamental common difficulty of the Mind to deal with Black Swan situations.
Well, in afuture blog-post, thatI do NOT feel… ready to write, at present, because of… incomplete information(!!!)😆 an attempt will be made to show that many well-known intellectuals, intelligent people, who are (in every other respect) worthy individuals, endowed with an extremely high intellectual ability, often manifest intensely this negative phenomenon, in the particular sense of forming biased ideasand one-sided beliefs or even -sometimes- totally wrong conclusions, that are generally regarded (by theircritics) as «intellectual dishonesty«.